What does a technical writer do?

Professional technical writers represent a valuable resource for managers and technical staff for accomplishing their communications goals, as technical writers create manuals, online help, white papers, project plans, design specifications, and software test plans. With a rise in e-learning, they are also asked to create online training material. Technical writers also assist manufacturers, designers, companies, and clients in developing technical information. Computer and engineering companies often hire technical writers on a full-time basis because they specialize in writing technical topics that include medical procedures, computer applications and environmental regulations.

A technical writer transforms complex and technically difficult written material into clear and concise documentation that will be read by target audiences.

Technical writer requirements

Technical writers combine an understanding of technical concepts with the ability to write in a way that is easy to understand. Many of the requirements for being a technical writer serve to demonstrate these skills.


To become a technical writer, you’ll need a bachelor’s degree in technical writing or a related subject. Your coursework should include business writing, nonfiction writing and editing. It’s helpful to take additional technological courses to prepare for a career in technical writing. You can also earn a degree in engineering, computer science or other technical fields, then take courses in communications and business writing.


Companies will train technical writers on their specific content. Depending on the business, you should receive training in the content and style in which you’ll need to write. You’ll learn more about the types of software and computer programs the company uses as well. During training, you will gain an understanding of the creation and delivery process of the written materials.

There are many technical writing conferences that you can attend to continue training. During technical writing conferences, you can learn more about industry trends, styles of communication and delivery methods. Gaining more knowledge in these areas will help you improve your work and excel in a career as a technical writer.


Society for Technical Communication. The STC offers three levels of technical writing certifications—Certified Professional Technical Communicator: Foundation, Practitioner and Expert. As a Foundation CPTC, you show that you have the necessary knowledge to perform work as a technical writer. Earning a CPTC at the Practitioner level demonstrates your ability to write technical documents at an advanced level. The CPTC-Expert designates your proficiency in the subject. To obtain a Foundation CPTC, you’ll need to pass an exam, while the Practitioner and Expert levels require you to pass an exam and submit a writing sample for review.

American Medical Writers Association. If you want to be a technical writer in the medical field, you can earn a Medical Writer Certified certification from the AMWA. A MWC shows your ability to write a variety of medical documents. To obtain a MWC, you need to have a bachelor’s degree and two years’ experience in the medical communication field. You must also pass an online exam.

National Association of Science Writers. Though the NASW doesn’t offer a certification, you can become a member of the organization. Being a member of the NASW shows that you are a professional in the science communication field. To gain membership, you must submit five samples of work for a non-technical audience that were published in the past five years. You must also have a sponsor who is a current member of the NASW. Students can gain a student membership if they are a part of their school’s journalism or science programs. Once they graduate, they must apply for full membership status.


Writing: You need to have a good command of language to be able to describe complicated information in clear and concise words. As a technical writer, you should be able to write for extended periods of time.

Communication: As a technical writer, your work will involve collaborating with other coworkers and clients to ensure you produce satisfactory material. The ability to communicate with others ensures you can successfully work with others to write documents.

Problem-solving: Some projects require you to figure out how something works before you document its function. You may also have to write how-to instructions. Strong problem-solving skills will help you understand the topic you’re writing about so you can create simple documents.

Online publishing: Many technical writers write for websites and other online media. Depending on the company, you may need to have experience with online publishing software or content management systems.

Time management: Technical writers often work to strict deadlines, so you need to be able to manage your time well. You may also need to be able to write for different projects concurrently, and strong time-management skills can help you stay on schedule for each project.

Are you suited to be a technical writer?

Technical writers have distinct personalities. They tend to be artistic individuals, which means they’re creative, intuitive, sensitive, articulate, and expressive. They are unstructured, original, nonconforming, and innovative. Some of them are also investigative, meaning they’re intellectual, introspective, and inquisitive.

Technical writers work for a variety of industries, such as engineering, the sciences, medicine, and technology. Technical writing follows a development lifecycle that often parallels the product development lifecycle of an organization, and a technical writer often works as part of a writing or project development team. Technical writers also work together with document specialists, editors, content managers, instructional designers, graphic designers and illustrators, and analysts to produce deliverables.

Frequently Asked Questions

How long does it take to become a Technical Writer?

Aspiring technical writers can earn a four-year Bachelor’s degree, a two-year Associates’ degree; or a technical writing certificate, which typically takes six months to complete. Most technical writers have a Bachelor’s and most employers ask for this qualification.

What are Technical Writers like?

Based on our pool of users, technical writers tend to be predominately artistic people. At first, the description of ‘technical’ writers as artistic may seem incongruent. In fact, this prevailing characteristic further dispels the myth that technical writing is dull and uncreative. The crafting of language, whether to write a poem or a user manual, is always an art.

Steps to becoming a Technical Writer

The process of becoming a technical writer demands more than a commitment to formal education. Because the field involves ongoing collaboration with experts from many subject areas and often many different industries, it requires a dedication to lifelong learning.

Should I become a Technical Writer?

Technical writers only write about highly technical, scientific, technological, medical, or systematic topics. This is probably the biggest fallacy of all. At its core, technical writing is about conveying factual information, for a particular purpose, to a targeted audience. Producing material for an engineering firm will certainly be of a complex and technical nature. But technical writers create a wide variety of documents, including schedules, training manuals, product descriptions, reference guides, and even press releases.

Technical writing is boring and lacks creativity. Typically, people assume that the act of writing is creative. Technical writing, however, is perceived as dull and boring. Nothing could be further from the truth. Technical writers cover almost every conceivable topic and they can be asked to create anything from a spec sheet for a piece of machinery to a journal article.

Technical writers need a technical background. A talented technical writer does not need to know anything about the subject matter before starting a project. Whoever hires you is the expert. It is your job to read provided literature, ask intelligent questions, conduct research as needed, and transform the materials into comprehensible text for the intended audience.

Technical writing has a very rigid structure. While there are certain standard elements in many documents, the writer is charged with finding innovative ways to present information and ideas and make them stand out. Some material may be rigid or dry; its presentation does not have to be. In fact, unexciting data or info often provides the biggest challenge to a writer’s creativity.

Love of learning If you are one of those people who never reads instruction manuals in favor of ‘just figuring it out,’ you may have the aptitude to become a technical writer. If you like to investigate, explore, and figure out how a product, device, or app works, you have the mindset to learn new things.

Teaching mentality and imagination Being a technical writer means that you need to be able to break down complex information and make it simple. You have to avoid jargon and use language that gives users without technical experience exactly what they need when they need it.

Attention to detail Do you have the natural ability to follow up on details? Are you the one who finds the one typo in an article or notices when someone misuses words? Do you enjoy reviewing, proofreading, and editing your own or others’ work? If so, you possess some of the traits that will help you produce quality documentation on the job.

Flexibility As engineers and product developers tweak their designs, technical writers will be called upon to adjust their related documentation. There will inevitably be times when you are asked to move from one ‘emergency’ to another, and then back to the first one. The ability to adapt and roll with the punches is imperative.

Communication skills Technical writers are seldom authorities on the subjects they write about. In this role, therefore, you cannot be too shy to ask the ‘dumb questions’ that make engineers really think about their answers. In short, you have to be a talented communicator, listener, and interviewer; part journalist and part investigative reporter.

Writing skills This is the core competency demanded of a technical writer. Simply stated, your job will consist of taking technical material and explaining it in easy-to-understand ways. In other words, it is up to you to make the reader feel smart.

Documentation tools skills Knowledge of tools used to produce technical documentation is an asset. Some commonly used tools are Adobe FrameMaker, MadCap Flare, RoboHelp, PageMaker, and Quark. But as already noted, technical writers are accustomed to learning – it is really at the foundation of what they do – and most are capable of learning a new tool quickly and efficiently.



Improve your focus and concentration: 15 ways to build your skills

We’ve all been there: sitting at your desk with an urgent deadline and a wandering mind. Despite your best efforts, things are not progressing. You need to focus on the task in front of you. You’re motivated to do it. But you just can’t concentrate.

image of man on ipad

Focus: What It Is and How it Works

First things first. What is focus, really? Experts define focus as the act of concentrating your interest or activity on something. That’s a somewhat boring definition, but there is an important insight hiding inside that definition.

Focus can only occur when we have said yes to one option and no to all other options. In other words, elimination is a prerequisite for focus. As Tim Ferriss says, “What you don’t do determines what you can do.”

Of course, focus doesn’t require a permanent no, but it does require a present no. You always have the option to do something else later, but in the present moment focus requires that you only do one thing. Focus is the key to productivity because saying no to every other option unlocks your ability to accomplish the one thing that is left.

Before we talk about how to get started, let’s pause for just a second. If you’re enjoying this article on focus, then you’ll probably find my other writing on performance and human behavior useful. Each week, I share self-improvement tips based on proven scientific research through my free email newsletter.

Why Can’t I Focus?

What I mean is that most healthy humans have a brain that is capable of focusing if we get the distractions out of the way. Have you ever had a task that you absolutely had to get done? What happened? You got it done because the deadline made the decision for you. Maybe you procrastinated beforehand, but once things became urgent and you were forced to make a decision, you took action.

What is impossible, however, is concentrating on two tasks at once. You’re either listening to the TV and the overflowing pot of pasta is background noise, or you’re tending to the pot of pasta and the TV is background noise. During any single instant, you are concentrating on one or the other.

Multitasking forces your brain to switch your focus back and forth very quickly from one task to another. This wouldn’t be a big deal if the human brain could transition seamlessly from one job to the next, but it can’t.

Have you ever been in the middle of writing an email when someone interrupts you? When the conversation is over and you get back to the message, it takes you a few minutes to get your bearings, remember what you were writing, and get back on track. Something similar happens when you multitask. Multitasking forces you to pay a mental price each time you interrupt one task and jump to another. In psychology terms, this mental price is called the switching cost.

Switching cost is the disruption in performance that we experience when we switch our focus from one area to another. One study, published in the International Journal of Information Management in 2003, found that the typical person checks email once every five minutes and that, on average, it takes 64 seconds to resume the previous task after checking your email.

The myth of multitasking is that it will make you more effective. In reality, remarkable focus is what makes the difference. (Image inspired by Jessica Hagy.)

The myth of multitasking is that it will make you more effective. In reality, remarkable focus is what makes the difference. (Image inspired by Jessica Hagy.)

What is concentration?

In Will Power & Self Discipline, Remez Sasson wrote that concentration is the ability to direct one’s attention following one’s will. Concentration means control of attention. It is the ability to focus the mind on one subject, object, or thought, and at the same time exclude from the mind every other unrelated thought, ideas, feelings, and sensations.

That last part is the tricky part for most of us. To concentrate is to exclude, or not pay attention to, every other unrelated thought, idea, feeling, or sensation. To not pay attention to the numbers, beeps, and other indicators that we have a new message, a new update, a new “like,” a new follower!

Our daily routine is dominated by switching in and out of our mobile phones and computer. We get a constant influx of messages from WhatsApp, email, Telegram, and the half-dozen other apps that are somehow critical to our job. We constantly search for information to help solve our daily problems or get our work done.

Frequent distractions affect productivity. It takes longer to finish a task. We don’t listen as well. We don’t comprehend things as well, whether with our partner or with colleagues, and end up in misunderstanding, misinterpretation, and conflict. It affects memory. We forget things or can’t recall information promptly which affects our personal life and professional image.

Live in the Moment

Woman looking out a car window

You have probably heard people talk about the importance of “being present.” It’s all about putting away distractions, whether they are physical (your mobile phone) or psychological (your anxieties) and being fully mentally engaged in the current moment.

This notion of being present is also essential for recapturing your mental focus. Staying engaged in the here and now keeps your attention sharp and your mental resources honed in on the details that really matter at a specific point in time.

It may take some time but work on learning to truly live in the moment. You cannot change the past and the future has not happened yet, but what you do today can help you avoid repeating past mistakes and pave a path for a more successful future.

Practice Mindfulness

Woman with closed eyes standing outside

Mindfulness is a hot topic right now, and for good reason. Despite the fact that people have practiced forms of mindfulness meditation for thousands of years, its many health benefits are only recently starting to be understood.

These tasks had to be completed in 20 minutes and included answering phones, scheduling meetings, and writing memos with sources of information pouring in from multiple sources including by phone calls, emails, and text messages.

Quick Tip to Regain Focus

Start by taking several deep breaths while really focusing on each and every breath. When you feel your mind naturally begin to wander, gently and uncritically guide your focus back to your deep breathing.

While this might seem like a deceptively simple task, you may find that it is actually much more difficult than it appears. Fortunately, this breathing activity is something you can do anywhere and anytime. Eventually, you will probably find that it becomes easier to disengage from intrusive thoughts and return your focus to where it belongs.



prothero taoism vs confucianism quizlet

prothero taoism vs confucianism quizlet

Confucian Christianity – Meets Confucian idea of Junzi (warm-hearted person) with Christianity’s emphasis on forgiveness
Chinese religious thought is syncretism because it draws from the teachings of different religious teachers like Buddha (help figure out what will happen after death), Confucius (help with social and job success), and Lao Tzu (help solve stress and help you live a long healthy life).

2. Kunitsukami
-earthly kami: river, bayou, mountain, trees
-EX) freshwater godess; related to prosperity
2) “many ways to be religious”; Confucianism works towards how to become a human being; Western religion is monotheistic; “not so much by-and-by as the here and now”; importance of community

Prothero taoism vs confucianism quizlet
The World’s Religions by Huston Smith, Paperback Barnes. Mar 29, 2017. The Paperback of the The World’s Religions by Huston Smith at. This book has seven basic chapters Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. This book was intended to be a brief survey without an in-depth analysis. An Illustrated Guide to the Holy Land for.
The World’s Religions – Chapter VI, Judaism, Meaning in. The World’s Religions by Huston Smith – Chapter VI, Judaism, Meaning in Creation, summary and analysis.FINDING MY RELIGION / Religious scholar Huston Smith talks. Sep 19, 2005. Huston Smith, one of the world’s leading religion scholars, has made a. Man,” guides readers on a spiritual odyssey through Buddhism, Hinduism. and remains a must-read for anyone studying religions around the globe.The World’s Religions by Huston Smith – Goodreads Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, Judaism, Christianity. To ask other readers questions about The World’s Religions, please sign up. He also grew up in China and has imbibed the rituals of most of the religions he’s studied. Huston Smith’s “The World’s Religions” is one of the most significant books.

Prothero taoism vs confucianism quizlet
Huston Smith is undoubtedly the foremost scholar of comparative religion, most famous for his bestselling book The World’s Religions 1991 and for the five-part Emmy-nominated PBS television series with Bill Moyers on “The Wisdom of Faith” 1996.. The World’s Religions can best be described by taking note of what it is not. Author Huston Smith states emphatically that the book is not one of comparative religions. In The World’s Religions, Huston Smith has limited his focus to seven more or less organized world religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity) with one chapter on Primal Religion. Smith examines large sects within each main category. It is as objective a look as possible at the major religions of the world today for the purpose of enlightening people of different cultures and beliefs about each other. The book is not written in the standard textbook mode but rather is geared toward the general reading public, which makes the work extremely readable. The chapter on Hinduism is the longest in the book, in part because of the various faces of Hinduism, primarily in India. Insofar as it is possible for a western writer, Smith manages to make it read from an Indian point of view. He is more successful at that with Hinduism and Buddhism than he is with other Asian religions. The Hinduism chapter is followed by the one on Buddhism, which first goes into some depth on the life of Siddhartha Gautama, the founder. It is almost impossible to separate the religion from the life of the Buddha, especially so because he did not intend to start a new religion. The far eastern religions—Confucianism and Taoism—give insight into both the religions themselves as well as the cultures from which they sprang. Smith spends a great deal of time on what is known about the life of Confucius before launching into a detailed study of the religion he left behind. Principles more than personalities are the focal points of these Asian religious treatments. Islam, Judaism, and Christianity spring from the same well, so to speak, and are looked at more in terms of their agreements than in terms of their differences. The predominant character studies are of Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad. These three chapters manage to sidestep the areas of greatest contention among them. Perhaps the most interesting chapter in the book is the one devoted to the Primal Religions, which are oral traditions that predate any organized religion in the world today. Smith is able to present the true values of these religions, which in earlier times were considered heathen. It is, in fact, from these primal religions that later, more organized religions sprang. The moral and familial codes of these religions are in many ways more strident than in later written creeds. In all, The World’s Religions achieves its aim of broadening the view of divergent cultures and their religions..
Stephen Prothero says that understanding religions’ differences is the start of accepting them. In Bali, he says, “the classic image of God is an empty chair. Put in that chair whomever you want.” Photo by Vernon Doucette How does a religion teacher get an invitation to appear, in June, on Comedy Central’s The Colbert Report? By writing a book saying that Gandhi, the Dalai Lama, and others have preached about the shared, benign beliefs unifying all great religions — and then dismissing that message as garbage. Stephen Prothero’s God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions That Run the World — and Why Their Differences Matter (Harper One), which hits bookstores today, argues that the globe’s eight major religions hold different and irreconcilable assumptions..
This book has seven basic chapters: Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Islam, Judaism, and Christianity. A new section was added to The World’s Religions. It describes a broad sweep of religions such as those practiced by the Australian Aborigines, by the Native American Indians of North and South America and the religions of the interior of Africa. This book was intended to be a brief survey without an in-depth analysis. Huston Smith’s masterpiece explores the essential elements and teachings of the world’s predominant faiths, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and the native traditions of Australia, Africa, Oceania, and the Americas. Emphasizing the inner—rather than the institutional—dimension of these religions, Smith devotes special attention to Zen and Tibetan Buddhism, Sufism, and the teachings of Jesus. He convincingly conveys the unique appeal and gifts of each of the traditions and reveals their hold on the human heart and imagination. Huston Smith is internationally known and revered as the premier teacher of world religions. He is the focus of a five-part PBS television series with Bill Moyers and has taught at Washington University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Syracuse University, and the University of California at Berkeley. The recipient of twelve honorary degrees, Smith’s fifteen books include his bestselling The World’s Religions, Why Religion Matters, and his autobiography, Tales of Wonder. The World’s Religions Completely Revised and Updated Edition o Although the individuals that I name are now only memories for me, I begin this second edition of this book with the four paragraphs that launched its first edition. I write these opening lines on a day widely celebrated throughout Christendom as World-Wide Communion Sunday. The sermon in the service I attended this morning dwelt on Christianity as a world phenomenon. From mud huts in Africa to the Canadian tundra, Christians are kneeling today to receive the elements of the Holy Eucharist. Still, as I listened with half my mind, the other half wandered to the wider company of God-seekers. I thought of the Yemenite Jews I watched six months ago in their synagogue in Jerusalem: darkskinned men sitting shoeless and cross-legged on the floor, wrapped in the prayer shawls their ancestors wore in the desert. They are there today, at least a quorum of ten, morning and evening, swaying backwards and forwards like camel riders as they recite their Torah, following a form they inherit unconsciously from the centuries when their fathers were forbidden to ride the desert horse and developed this pretense in compensation. Yalcin, the Muslim architect who guided me through the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, has completed his month’s Ramadan fast, which was beginning while we were together; but he too is praying today, five times as he prostrates himself toward Mecca. Swami Ramakrishna, in his tiny house by the Ganges at the foot of the Himalayas, will not speak today. He will continue the devotional silence that, with the exception ofthree days each year, he has kept for five years. By this hour U Nu is probably facing the delegations, crises, and cabinet meetings that are the lot of a prime minister, but from four to six this morning, before the world broke over him, he too was alone with the eternal in the privacy of the Buddhist shrine that adjoins his home in Rangoon. Dai Jo and Lai San, Zen monks in Kyoto, were ahead of him by an hour. They have been up since three this morning, and until eleven tonight will spend most of the day sitting immovable in the lotus position as they seek with intense absorption to plumb the Buddha-nature that lies at the center of their being. What a strange fellowship this is, the God-seekers in every land, lifting their voices in the most disparate ways imaginable to the God of all life. Like bedlam, or do the strains blend in strange, ethereal harmony? Does one faith carry the lead, or do the parts share in counterpoint and antiphony where not in full-throated chorus? All we can do is try to listen carefully and with full attention to each voice in turn as it addresses the divine. It may be wondered if the purpose is not too broad. The religions we propose to consider belt the world. Their histories stretch back thousands of years, and they are motivating more people today than ever before. Is it possible to listen seriously to them within the compass of a single book? The answer is that it is, because we shall be listening for welldefined themes. These must be listed at the outset or the pictures that emerge from these pages will be distorted.1. This is not a textbook in the history of religions. This explains the scarcity of names, dates, and social influences in what follows. There are useful books that focus on such material.’ This one too could have been swollen with their facts and figures, but it is not its intent to do their job in addition to its own. Historical facts are limited here to the minimum that is needed to locate in space and time the ideas the book focuses on. Every attempt has been made to keep scholarship out of sight -in foundations that must be sturdy, but not as scaffolding that would obscure the structures being examined.2. Even in the realm of meanings the book does not attempt to give a rounded view of the religions considered, for each hosts differences that are too numerous to be delineated in a single chapter. Eastern Orthodox Christians worship in ornate cathedrals, while Quakers consider even steeples desecrations. There are Christian mystics and Christians who reject mysticism. There are Christian Jehovah’s Witnesses and Christian Unitarians. How is it possible to say in a manageable chapter what Christianity means to all Christians? The answer, of course, is that it is not possible — selection is unavoidable. The question facing an author is not whether to select among points of view; the questions are how many to present, and which ones. In this book the first question is answered economically; I try to do reasonable justice to several perspectives instead of attempting to catalogue them all. In the case of Islam, this has meant ignoring Sunni/Shi’ite and traditional/modernist divisions, while noting different attitudes toward Sufism. In Buddhism I distinguish its Hinayana, Mahayana, and Vajrayana traditions, but the major schools within Mahayana are bypassed. The subdivisions never exceed three lest trees obscure the woods. Put the matter this way: If you were trying to describe Christianity to an intelligent and interested but busy Thailander, how many denominations would you include? It would be difficult to ignore the differences between Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, and Protestant, but you would probably not get into what separates Baptists from Presbyterians. When we turn to which views to present, the guideline has been relevance to the interests of the intended reader. Three considerations have figured in determining this relevance. There are some faiths that every citizen should be acquainted with, simply because hundreds of millions of people live by them. The second consideration has been relevance to the modem mind. Because the ultimate benefit that may accrue from a book such as this is help in the ordering of the reader’s own life, I have given priority to what (with caution yet a certain confidence) we may regard as these religions’ contemporary expressions. The third consideration is universality Every religion mixes universal principles with local peculiarities. The former, when lifted out and made clear, speak to what is generically human in us all. The latter, rich compounds of rites and legends, are not easy for outsiders to comprehend. It is one of the illusions of rationalism that the universal principles of religion are more important than the rites and rituals that feed them; to make that claim is like contending that the branches and leaves of a tree are more important than the roots from which they grow. But for this book, principles are more important. “Huston Smith’s classic on the world’s religions has justifiably become as venerable as the old texts he studies. The World’s Religions Completely Revised and Updated Edition o. Reprinted by permission of Harper Collins Publishers, Inc. I’m thrilled to see it enjoying yet another incarnation..
World Religions Mid Term Flashcards Quizlet Start studying World Religions Mid Term. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In Chapter 1, Huston Smith says he endeavors to give his readers a “tourist guide” of the world’s religions. False. The Scientific Materialism’s Ontological Claim states that. According to Huston Smith, religion is.

Prothero taoism vs confucianism quizlet
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taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism

taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism

Taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism

  • Philosophical Taoism that is based on texts Zhuangzi and Dao De Jing
  • Religious Taoism that originated from the Celestial Masters movement
  • Folk Taoism that is the Chinese folk religion.
  • Theravada is the School of the Elders
  • Mahayana is the Great Vehicle.

Taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism
IT’S HISTORY is a ride through history – Join us discovering the world’s most important eras in IN TIME, BIOGRAPHIES of the GREATEST MINDS and the most important INVENTIONS.
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Taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism
Historically, the three religions have complemented and also conflicted with each other in equal measures. Different schools of thoughts were greatly encouraged in China way before the Qin Dynasty. Confucianism and Taoism came to the forefront after the Hans Dynasty and co-existed with Buddhism. The relationship between the three is pretty much complicated at some point conflicting and at other times blending in seamlessly. All the three teachings have in one way or another involved in the socio-cultural function of humanizing the general Chinese populace. Having developed for more than 2000 years, the three have become quite essential entities of the traditional Chinese ideological culture.
Just like Confucianism, Buddhist has promoted filial piety and even regarded it as the “unquestionable moral truth”. The three doctrines are clearly interacting with their doctrines changing and influencing the Chinese traditional ethics culture.

Taoism vs buddhism vs confucianism
When it comes to relationships, Taoists see women representing Yin and men representing Yang, and the way to harmony means that a woman and a man should get in a relationship and commit to each other. A balance is achieved when the man accepts the yin chi from the woman and the woman receives yang chi from the man. Sometimes, the concept of marriage is linked with Tao in the sense that marriage can be seen as a path towards the future and new life can be created through marriage. Babies are perceived as new life and the hope for the future. Because Taoists stress the importance of a balance between opposing forces, the relationship between a husband and a wife should also be characterized by a peaceful harmony. This means that conflicts and serious arguments should be avoided as much as possible. The couple can achieve this harmony by behaving in a loving and caring manner and by showing empathy, humility, and compassion for one another. To achieve this state of mind, one has to practice self-reflection and emotional control and try to understand other people. (Huffington Post, 2012.) For Buddhists, marriage is a choice and there is no obligation for them to marry. In Buddhism, marriage is often considered a secular affair instead of a sacrament. Cohabitation is allowed as long as it makes both individuals happy. Unhappiness can prevent the couple from reaching enlightenment. Divorce and remarrying are allowed and can even be regarded as compassionate actions if they make the individuals happier and reduces their suffering. Those who choose to get married can obtain blessings from the monks at their local temple. (BBC, 2017.)
This paper makes an attempt to identify the key similarities and differences between these two eastern religions, focusing on their central tenets and the overall impact on culture.



how to write an outline for an essay in apa

how to write an outline for an essay in apa

The full sentence outline follows exactly the same format. The only difference is that you will write a full sentence, rather than a sentence fragment, at each level of the outline.
Capital letters are used for the first level of subheadings.

How to write an outline for an essay in apa
Writing an outline in APA format is all about structuring. Roman numeral letters are used in the main headings of the outline and capital letters are used below for sub-headings. If you have to continue in the sub headings then you will use lower case letters and Arab numbers below in parenthesis. Here is an example of how an outline in APA format would look like:
(1) Be sure the counter argument can be debated

How to write an outline for an essay in apa
Here is a step-by-step example of how to outline a paper using APA format.
Here’s what the final step would look like in APA format.

a) what did your parents advise you
A) Hook – Start with a fact, question, quote or something else to capture attention.

How to write an outline for an essay in apa
A summary is an integral part of the research paper. In college, they call it an abstract. The length of such text should not exceed 250-300 words (1/3 of an A4 page), and a student should include the basic findings, their significance, and a brief conclusion.
Depending on the tool a writer uses to create documents, he/she should make sure if the different levels of the outline (II, B, 3, c, j) correspond to the headings in the Microsoft Word as most professors accept only DOC & DOCS format.



why euthanasia should be legal essay

why euthanasia should be legal essay

Legalising euthanasia should not they should not be legalized? Read this full essay on euthanasia will write a quiet and easy way of euthanasia should. Com, the intentional causing of death. It is not be cited as to. This site were donated by our professional essay legal and varied opinions about euthanasia should be legal. This is going on seven reasons why euthanasia.
Published: euthanasia should be legalized if it is not be legalised. Legalising euthanasia should not be legalized philosophy essay writers. S. Currently euthanasia should be legalized. The necessary conclusion that euthanasia should be cited as illustrative of ending life so euthanasia should be legalized philosophy essay.

To conclude, Euthanasia should be considered as an opportunity to give people the right to choose how they want to live and die, stops the person from having a bad quality of life and it also saves money in medical bills. It has been argued that for people on life support systems and people with long standing diseases causing a lot of distress and pain, euthanasia is a better choice. It helps in relieving them from pain and misery. Some people, against the legalization of Euthanasia, argued that it is not ethical to assist or be involved in a human beings death; but, they do not take into consideration the involved person’s quality of life. Indeed, spending the rest of his life on a hospital bed, unable to walk, and unable to do the things by our self, does not define a good quality of life. Moreover, saying that the legalization of euthanasia poses many moral and ethical concerns, particularly the implied message that some lives are not worth living, make no sense. If there is one person in the world who is able to decide that the life not worth living anymore, it is oneself. No one but the patient can decide on this matter. Life and death is a personal decision, and if the patient is not able to take this decision by himself (in a coma for example); the only ones who are able to decide for him/her are the loved ones. Moreover, tolerate euthanasia would finally allow to consenting doctors, to no longer perform euthanasia in the shadows. Indeed, in hospital, approximately 1500 deaths per year are due to a stop in treatments in France. (Humbert 153) However, there is no question for patients, to live in constant apprehension of seeing their own doctors treated donor death. It is not about making it an obligation or practice applicable to all. Legalize do not mean make it become a commonplace. It is about recognize the exercise of individual freedom. Nevertheless, laws should be put in place to make sure that there are proper standards to take each case into consideration to avoid decisions on a whim and unnecessary deaths in the already stress-filled lives. Indeed, there is great potential for abuse if it were to be legalized. Indeed, depressed, elderly, and very frightened people are especially vulnerable to this and may feel pressured into giving up. Thereby, Euthanasia should be allowed if the patient has intolerable and incurable suffering and wants to end his life. Before to act, the physician must consult at least one other of his colleagues for independent judgment. Every act of euthanasia must then be reported to a committee composed of a doctor, a specialist ethics and a lawyer who decide if all due care criteria have been met.
First of all, deciding if one want to be alive or not is a personal decision. Neither the doctors, nor the family or the government should have the power to force someone to live and in extreme cases, only the family should has the right to act on one’s behalf. Throughout life people has the liberty to decide their job, their religion, their family, and to make decisions in their life according to their own conceptions, beliefs, and feelings about where they want their lives to go. They take responsibility for their own lives, and the choices people make about ending their life should be a part of these responsibilities. As long as it is a free society, people can claim the right to die with dignity, and the preferred place of dying is certainly not the hospital, a place that inspires death, but rather a home cozy and warm in which patients lived their entire live. Indeed, spend the rest of the life lying down in pain in a hospital bed is hardly a life anyone would want to live, and as humans being, forcing this life upon someone is an immoral and selfish thing to do. Mercy killing is not just use for human; indeed one can see this act every day in veterinary clinic where pets are put down by their owner’s consent, which is seen as a humane way to relieve pets suffering. Thereby, there is no reason to do not show the same compassion for humans. Furthermore, the right to die with dignity is not an ordinary law. It is not a right granted to someone to kill, but it should be seen as an option for a conscious and free person to be understood and helped in a special request that is to end his life. Consider the case of Chantal Sébire, a former school teacher and mother of three suffering from esthesioneuroblastoma, a rare form of cancer. Sébire has refused any treatment at the time of her diagnosis, not wishing to take the risk of the surgery or medications. Then, with time, the cancer burrowed through her sinuses, nasal cavities, and eye socket, leaving her face severely disfigured. She also lost her senses of sight, taste, and smell and suffered severe pain. She fought for the right to die through euthanasia, but she lost her case in a French court because she was not seen as a terminally ill patient, and the French law does not allow a doctor to take action to end a patient’s life. Two days later, Chantal Sébire was found dead in her home. Blood tests revealed a toxic concentration of the drug pentobarbital, a barbiturate used elsewhere in the world for the purpose of physician assisted suicide. (dailytelegraph.com) In this case, Chantal Sébire asked for the right to “die with dignity, surrounded by her loved ones”.(dailytelegraph.com.au) She argued that she did not want to endure further pain as her condition worsened before she fell into a coma, and added that “One would not allow an animal to go through what I have endured,”. (dailytelegraph.com.au) Life is not an absolute value, and this is not respected the dignity of a person to save it, no matter the price. Respect the dignity, it is also recognized that, for some people, they need more than a functional brain to be fully human and have an acceptable quality of life. If someone decides that his life is meaningless and prefer ending it, no one should be able to oppose it, and the society has the duty of accompanied him or her to a gentle death with dignity. Similarly, patients with an incurable disease and that doctor’s keep alive by machines are not free, they are dependent, they cannot do what they want and therefore lose their human dignity: they are reduced to the status of a slave, a slave to these machines. With these reasons in mind, people should consider euthanasia as one of the most moral treatments in the world today. It provides relief for everyone suffering from an incurable and painful disease and gives the opportunity to avoid overtreatment which is designed to keep patients alive at any price.

The question as to where to place euthanasia along moral lines is divided with those who support it arguing that it is an act of mercy, kindness and compassion. Those in opposition primarily and finally judge euthanasia as murder (Cavan & Dolan, 2000). It therefore would not be conclusive to argue that everybody has accepted euthanasia regardless of whether it is ethical or not.
In conclusion, it may be necessary for all voices to be heard before a hasty decision is made on whether to legalize euthanasia or not. Since each individual has a right of expression I think the best way to answer the question of whether euthanasia should be legal be subjected to free and fair voting and the outcome be upheld.

Case study – This could be beneficial, however for the purpose of this report it was not appropriate given the time constraint for completion and the word limit would not give scope for an in depth case study to be compiled.
Battin, M, et.al. (2005) Assisted dying for the terminally ill. London: Stationary Office.

Euthanasia or commonly known as Physician-Assisted Suicide is defined as the painless killing of a patient who is suffering from an incurable and painful disease or is in an irreversible coma. It is an act that speeds up death. Some people consider euthanasia to be a mercy killing and others consider it to be murder. This practice is illegal in most countries. In the United States, however, six states have legalized physician-assisted suicide even though most states, 44 to be more specific, have
Owadara Adedamola ENG 101 Prof. Skeen 24 November 2015 Legalizing Euthanasia “Euthanasia is defined as conduct that brings about an easy and painless death for persons suffering from an incurable or painful disease or condition” (Muckart, et al 259). Euthanasia, also dying with dignity, is the practice of the termination of a terminally ill person ‘s life in order to relieve them of their suffering. Euthanasia is one of today’s most controversial health issues with debates on people’s right



how to start off an essay about country

how to start off an essay about country

As you progress through school, you’ll be required to write essays. And the farther along in school you get, the more complex and demanding the essays will become. It’s important that you learn early on how to write effective essays that communicate clearly and accomplish specific objectives.
Each paragraph will address one main idea that supports the thesis statement. The first paragraph of the body should put forth your strongest argument to support your thesis. Start the paragraph out by stating the supporting idea. Then follow up with additional sentences that contain supporting information, facts, evidence or examples – as shown in your diagram or outline. The concluding sentence should sum up what you’ve discussed in the paragraph.

Write an outline on paper. It should be divided into sections, with each section’s heading responding to your argument from a different angle. There should be at least two sentences after each heading giving an explanation of the heading and an example.
Write a rough draft, using the bullet points from the outline as a guide. The headings should turn into topic sentences while the subheadings should turn into supporting sentences.

How to start off an essay about country
My mum once told me how, back in Jamaica, her father would not let her play with children darker than her. She said wistfully, ‘But I had to, or I would have had no one to play with’. So when she came to England she was pleased to be bringing her children up amongst white children. We would always have lighter-skinned children to play with. I was expected to isolate myself from darker-skinned people too, and it seemed perfectly normal to me that the colour of your skin was one of the most important things about you. White people of course never had to think about it. But if you were not white, well then, how black were you? I accepted all of this as logical. That was how I would be judged.
I was embarrassed by him, but also overcome with pity for his hopeless attempt to be friendly on a London bus. I was sure that he was a nice man and that if those people on the bus could just get to know him then they would like him. My family also came from the Caribbean. I identified with him. He somehow became my mum and dad, my sisters, me. But to the other people on the bus he was more than a stranger, he was an alien. I felt a longing to make some introductions. I could sense the misunderstandings that were taking place, but I didn’t know why, or what I could do. The man was different. He looked different and he sounded different. But how come people in England did not know him? Why was he, and why were all black people from Britain’s old empire, so completely alien to them? This encounter is something I will never forget.

How to start off an essay about country
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good argumentative research paper topics

good argumentative research paper topics

Good argumentative research paper topics
An argumentative essay requires you to decide on a topic and take a position on it. You’ll need to back up your viewpoint with well-researched facts and information as well. One of the hardest parts is deciding which topic to write about, but there are plenty of ideas available to get you started.
Sometimes, the best ideas are sparked by looking at many different options. Explore this list of possible topics and see if a few pique your interest. Write those down as you come across them, then think about each for a few minutes.

Good argumentative research paper topics
It all seems easy: just select, draft, write and revise. You may keep your argumentative essays for your future job portfolio in case they are highly graded. We recommend fixing them a bit once your teacher returns the checked version to you. The next time, the process would seem much easier to you.

Remember: the world is not black-and-white. There are always two sides of the coin. So, even if you’re pretty sure in your claim, and the majority of people tend to support it, consider the arguments of the opposing side. Only then your argumentative paper will be graded respectively high.

Good argumentative research paper topics

  1. Is torture or rape ever acceptable?
  2. Should sexual maniacs be sentenced to death?
  3. Can male employees get paternity leave from work?
  4. Does age matter in relationships?
  5. Do low prices on condoms prevent teen pregnancy?
  6. Ways to handle naughty teens
  7. What is the right punishment for the failed parenting?
  8. What are the causes of Down’s syndrome?
  9. Is black PR acceptable?
  10. Can we treat abortion as a crime?

Young writers may try simple online citation generators which are usually free of charge. Add the details on your selected sources to get automatically generated references.

Good argumentative research paper topics
Think beyond what you are saying and include how you’re saying it. How will you take an idea and turn it into a complex and well thought out argument that is capable of changing somebody’s mind?
When you’re crafting an argument, it can be easy to get distracted by all the information and complications in your argument. It’s important to stay focused—be clear in your thesis and hone in on claims that directly support that thesis.

Good argumentative research paper topics
1. Are people too dependent on the modern technology in the 21st century?
2. Does the internet slow down the moral development?
3. What impact does the social media have on the human life?
4. E-books vs classic books: Benefits and shortcomings.
5. The phenomenon of Instagram. Why are people becoming more dependent?
6. How can the robots make the human life easier?
7. The reasons for cryptocurrency appearance.
8. How long should we wait before the electronic money will substitute the paper one?
9. Cyberbullying: What areas should be protected?
10. Should the children of elementary schools be prevented from computed games?
11. Does the social media tend to make us lonelier?
12. Should the Internet content be more restricted?
13. The negative consequences of the artificial intelligence development.
14. Are people dependent on the comments in social networks?
We have created a list of the most interesting topics for argumentative essays for you to be able to create a true masterpiece and get the excellent grade. Choosing one topic from this list, you will find many reasonable arguments and prepare an exemplary essay.



writing essays for money reddit

writing essays for money reddit

Writing essays for money reddit
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Writing essays for money reddit
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Writing essays for money reddit
Many students search for good writing services on Reddit because this platform is a place where you can get the necessary advice quickly, talking to real people and learning from their experience. Reddit is a huge platform so it’s no surprise that you can find writing services there. There are dozens of subreddits where you can order your essays, being in direct touch with tutors. Another advantage of Reddit essay services is that there is a bidding system so you might get your essays at the lowest price.
Nevertheless, it’s hard to call Reddit writing services completely safe. On the one hand, everyone can upvote or downvote a subreddit so the reputation of a writing service is easy to check. On the other hand, the votes reflect how many people like a certain post, not the subreddit itself. The truth is that everything is a bit subjective on Reddit. All the voters are anonymous so you might still be concerned about whether their votes are legit or not.

Writing essays for money reddit
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questions to ask about police brutality

questions to ask about police brutality

For months now, politicians have invoked King’s legacy to implore black citizens to stay peaceful in the face of routine violence. The irony of this plea seems lost on its askers, but it does fall in line with a question that’s haunted Black Lives Matter protesters for the past 10 months, namely, “What’s going to happen next?”
How can we solve the problem if we can’t agree on what the problem looks like? This standard needs to be better defined and enforced. The report says that all departments should issue a statement affirming that their officers should use minimum force to subdue people. They should develop clear and transparent standards for reporting, investigating and disciplining officer who do not comply. They should develop policies that let other officers intervene when fellow officers are using excessive force. And their training should be adjusted to emphasize de-escalation.

Questions to ask about police brutality
Use this small paragraph to sum-up everything mentioned in your text. Keep in mind that it’s your last chance to convince readers, that’s why you should write this part carefully.
Moreover, the writer notices the number of people killed by officers. This info is really horrible but impressive, that’s why people don’t have any choice, and they continue reading.

But police are controlled at the local level. And local politics is also where individuals really can make a difference, as Ijeoma Oluo, an editor at large for the Establishment, pointed out on Twitter. So here’s what you can do:

6) Do your police have body cameras?

Questions to ask about police brutality
Many police forces suffer from a locker-room culture of racism. What is your policy when an officer regularly uses racial slurs? How many officers have you disciplined in the past three years for using racial slurs? What has been their punishment? Is it common for officers in positions of authority in your departments to use such slurs? Do you turn a blind eye when they do? Do officers within your departments regularly send out emails containing race-related jokes or memes? If an officer was to send out such an email, what would be the response? Are racial jokes and race-specific references laughed off in your department or are they treated as indications of deeper systemic issues?
What is the primary purpose for your department to have officers on patrol? Do officers have a financial quota that they are expected to meet through issuing citations? What percentage of the citations issued by your department have gone to low income citizens? To people of color? How many traffic violations has your department issued to people of color in the last year? What was the total income your department received from citations to people of color over the last three years? Is there a pattern within your department of targeting people of color for traffic violations and misdemeanor citations?

After an officer makes a stop based on reasonable suspicion that a crime was committed or about to be committed, the officer cannot automatically frisk the suspect. To justify a frisk, the officer must have reasonable suspicion that the individual is armed or dangerous. For example, if a police officer sees a bulge in a suspect’s pocket shaped like a gun, the officer may conduct a frisk, which is a quick pat-down of the person’s outer clothing.
Police officers in all states are granted authority to use force to accomplish lawful objectives, such as to conduct an investigatory stop, arrest someone, enter a home to serve a warrant or make an arrest, and detain suspects. When police officers abuse their authority and use excessive force, the injured parties can bring causes of action pursuant to their rights secured to them under the Fourteenth Amendment.