what did hinduism teach about karma and the caste system
India’s predominate belief in the Caste System, has prevailed several aspects of Indian society for centuries. The Caste System effects peoples’ way of life, “The Caste System dictates the type of occupation a person can pursue and the social interactions that someone may have” (Manian). This system classifies people to show who is more prestigious and esteemed than the others. The castes are put in hierarchical order, and ranks the behavior of members of societies over other members of society. The Caste System is made up of four main classes or varnas, the Brahmana, Kshatriys, Vaishya, and the Shudra. The social structure in India is vastly influenced from the Caste System because the people that follow the Hinduism faith are categorized into different social classes.
Another way that the social structure in India is influenced by Hinduism is by the reincarnation system that takes place throughout a Hindu’s life cycle. Reincarnation is when a soul is rebirthed in a new body, and when the soul moves from one physical form to another. Hindus have a strong believe in the effects of Reincarnation, “Reincarnation give us the opportunity to gradually evolve spiritually through the various valuable experiences we acquire in our different incarnations. In this process we find realize God, and we transcend the chain of repeated births and deaths” (Hindu Concept of Reincarnation ). The Hindus use and follow the life of Reincarnation because they believe that the process will allow them to reach and achieve a spiritual relief and an acceptance with God. The Hinduism belief in the Reincarnation System changes the social structure in India because it teaches the followers on the way to behave and how to live their life so in a proper way.
a. The protectors of society.
I. The Caste System–(groups assigned by birth not personality). The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. Social order or social class according to varna forms the framework of moral duties according to personal characteristics of individuals (not necessarily birth).
Hindus are free to join a religious order and must submit to its rites and way of living after joining it. The initiation ( diksha), a rite of purification or consecration involving the transformation of the aspirant’s personality, is regarded as a complement to, or even a substitute for, the previous initiation ceremony (the upanayana that all twice-born Hindus undergo at adolescence), which it strikingly resembles. Such religious groups integrate ancient, widespread ideas and customs of initiation into the framework of either the Vaishnava or Shaiva patterns of Hinduism.
Members of the various denominations who abandon all worldly attachment enter an “inner circle” or “order” that, seeking a life of devotion, adopts or develops particular vows and observances, a common cult, and some form of initiation.
1 Worship (called Puja )
The Hindu can choose one or all four of the paths they are:
The Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, 18 Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata are also considered important texts in Hinduism.
Many reformers emerged during the British Period. The well-known politician and peace activist, Mahatma Gandhi, led a movement that pushed for India’s independence.