how to quote someone in an essay
However, if you are using footnotes, the period remains inside the quotation mark, while the footnote number goes outside:
According to Schama, Louis XVI remained calm during his trial: “The Terror had no power to frighten an old man of seventy-two.” 1
In academic papers and essays, you should avoid relying too heavily on quotes. When you want to refer to information or ideas from a source, it’s often best to paraphrase, which means putting the passage in your own words. This shows that you have fully understood the text and ensures your own voice is dominant.
The ellipses indicate that some text has been removed, but the shortened quote still accurately represents the author’s point.
In case that the original fragment includes a punctuation mark, you’ll also be required to add it in the quote, similarly to the following example:
When you wish to quote a fragment that has multiple authors, you’ll be required to use commas as well as the conjunction “and” between their names. Here’s an example:
The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P-38 can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.” (O’Brien 2)
There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.
For all questions regarding style and documentation refer to your Longwood Style Manual or the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers .
D. If you quote from one sentence, skip over some text, and then quote from a later one,