essay apa format example

essay apa format example

Essay apa format example
APA format citations consist of parenthetical citation in the text (in-text citations) and the full reference in the reference list. For each webpage, journal article, book or any other source specific citation guidelines apply.
Instead of applying the APA guidelines to your document you can simply download the APA format template for Word.

Essay apa format example
Start by choosing a good topic to write about. Ideally, you want to select a subject that is specific enough to let you fully research and explore the topic, but not so specific that you have a hard time finding sources of information. If you choose something too specific, you may find yourself with not enough to write about; if you choose something too general, you might find yourself overwhelmed with information.
Second, start doing research as early as possible. Begin by looking at some basic books and articles on your topic. Once you are more familiar with the subject, create a preliminary source list of potential books, articles, essays, and studies that you may end up using in your essay.

Essay apa format example
When writing a possessive singular noun, you should place the apostrophe before the s. For possessive plural nouns, the apostrophe is placed after the s.
Are you wondering if you need to create an abstract for your assignment? Usually, student papers do not require an abstract. Abstracts are not typically seen in class assignments, and are usually only included when submitting a paper for publication. Unless your teacher or professor asked for it, you probably don’t need to have one for your class assignment.

Essay apa format example
Introduction: higher contraceptive prevalence is known to reduce HIV
Methods: regression analysis of HIV and contraception prevalence in lower middle-income countries
Results: statistically significant negative effect of contraception on HIV
Discussion:

  • Why contraception lowers HIV
  • In what conditions it works better/worse
  • Case study
    Conclusion: use of contraception can reduce HIV in countries where current contraceptive prevalence is lower than 20%
    Very often, colleges or universities require each page to have a running head (or page header) which includes certain information. The running head contains the title of the paper, and is also supposed to be present on the title page — a mistake many beginner students make all too often is omitting it.

    Essay apa format example
    It’s essential to use proper headings and subheadings when organizing ideas in research papers and essays. Also, you have to divide them into sections.
    The way each reference is organized depends on the type of the source.

    References:

    http://www.verywellmind.com/how-to-write-an-essay-in-apa-format-2794837
    http://www.easybib.com/guides/citation-guides/apa-format/
    http://essaypro.com/blog/apa-paper/
    http://grademiners.com/blog/obey-this-apa-format-for-dummies-to-succeed-with-your-research-paper

  • comparison essay format template

    comparison essay format template

      Differences outweigh similarities:

    Although the assignment may say “compare,” the assumption is that you will consider both the similarities and differences; in other words, you will compare and contrast.

    Comparison essay format template
    Looking to steal a topic from us? Here are 150 great compare and contrast essay topics for your help

    Over the last two decades, the demand from consumers for organic foods has increased tremendously. In fact, the popularity of organic foods has exploded significantly with consumers, spending a considerably higher amount of money on them as compared to the amount spent on inorganic foods. The US market noted an increase in sales of more than 10% between 2014 and 2015 (Brown, n.p). The increase is in line with the views of many consumers that organic foods are safer, tastier, and healthier compared to the inorganic foods. Furthermore, considering the environmental effects of foods, organic foods present less risk of environmental pollution — compared to inorganic foods. By definition, organic foods are those that are grown without any artificial chemical treatment, or treatment by use of other substances that have been modified genetically, such as hormones and/or antibiotics (Brown, n.p).

    Comparison essay format template
    No worries. Here is a step-by-step guide to writing a great compare and contrast essay.
    Transitional words give your essay a nice flow from one statement to the next. When comparing, use words like “both,” “likewise” and “similarly.” Words such as “nonetheless,” “on the other hand,” and “whereas” are ideal for forming a contrast.

    Comparison essay format template
    Thesis statement – Thesis should present a strong argument for outline. This means that it is not enough to say that two objects are similar or different. Instead, you should clarify how exactly they differ or compare. With this in mind, the thesis should specify objects under comparison. Make a point of significance by presenting supporting ideas, which clarify the exact features making them similar or different. At this point, you should apply information accumulated during brainstorming.
    While choice of a preferred kind of vacation depends on one’s income and love to active pastime, as summer vacation is more expensive, but in winter there are less options for outdoor activities, both summer and winter vacations will increase one’s productivity and improve health.

    Comparison essay format template
    Why? The reason is simple; the same criteria don’t apply to different topics, people, objects, events, and so on. When the essay requires a multitude of approaches to explore, it’s important to learn how to organize it properly in a bid to ensure easy reading. Create the outline based on the diagram below.
    When you get the title and aspects to compare but without a certain number of criteria to cover similarities and differences, you have to brainstorm. Take a blank piece of paper and write the first item in the left corner, the second item in the right corner. Make a Venn diagram and start analyzing.

    References:

    http://essaypro.com/blog/compare-and-contrast-essay/
    http://www.essaytigers.com/how-write-compare-and-contrast-essay
    http://edubirdie.com/blog/compare-and-contrast-essay-outline
    http://edusson.com/blog/how-to-compose-exceptionally-good-compare-and-contrast-essay-outline
    http://www.bibme.org/grammar-and-plagiarism/

    what did hinduism teach about karma and the caste system

    what did hinduism teach about karma and the caste system

    India’s predominate belief in the Caste System, has prevailed several aspects of Indian society for centuries. The Caste System effects peoples’ way of life, “The Caste System dictates the type of occupation a person can pursue and the social interactions that someone may have” (Manian). This system classifies people to show who is more prestigious and esteemed than the others. The castes are put in hierarchical order, and ranks the behavior of members of societies over other members of society. The Caste System is made up of four main classes or varnas, the Brahmana, Kshatriys, Vaishya, and the Shudra. The social structure in India is vastly influenced from the Caste System because the people that follow the Hinduism faith are categorized into different social classes.
    Another way that the social structure in India is influenced by Hinduism is by the reincarnation system that takes place throughout a Hindu’s life cycle. Reincarnation is when a soul is rebirthed in a new body, and when the soul moves from one physical form to another. Hindus have a strong believe in the effects of Reincarnation, “Reincarnation give us the opportunity to gradually evolve spiritually through the various valuable experiences we acquire in our different incarnations. In this process we find realize God, and we transcend the chain of repeated births and deaths” (Hindu Concept of Reincarnation ). The Hindus use and follow the life of Reincarnation because they believe that the process will allow them to reach and achieve a spiritual relief and an acceptance with God. The Hinduism belief in the Reincarnation System changes the social structure in India because it teaches the followers on the way to behave and how to live their life so in a proper way.

    a. The protectors of society.
    I. The Caste System–(groups assigned by birth not personality). The Hindu conception of the social order is that people are different, and different people will fit well into different aspects of society. Social order or social class according to varna forms the framework of moral duties according to personal characteristics of individuals (not necessarily birth).

    Hindus are free to join a religious order and must submit to its rites and way of living after joining it. The initiation ( diksha), a rite of purification or consecration involving the transformation of the aspirant’s personality, is regarded as a complement to, or even a substitute for, the previous initiation ceremony (the upanayana that all twice-born Hindus undergo at adolescence), which it strikingly resembles. Such religious groups integrate ancient, widespread ideas and customs of initiation into the framework of either the Vaishnava or Shaiva patterns of Hinduism.
    Members of the various denominations who abandon all worldly attachment enter an “inner circle” or “order” that, seeking a life of devotion, adopts or develops particular vows and observances, a common cult, and some form of initiation.

    What did hinduism teach about karma and the caste system
    1 Worship (called Puja )
    The Hindu can choose one or all four of the paths they are:

    What did hinduism teach about karma and the caste system
    The Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, 18 Puranas, Ramayana and Mahabharata are also considered important texts in Hinduism.
    Many reformers emerged during the British Period. The well-known politician and peace activist, Mahatma Gandhi, led a movement that pushed for India’s independence.

    References:

    http://brainly.in/question/7680846
    http://www.britannica.com/topic/Hinduism/Castes
    http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/religion/hinduism.htm
    http://www.history.com/topics/religion/hinduism
    http://exhibitionsonthecusp.com/100-hot-nursing-research-topics-for-a-fruitful-2/

    where can i find a free plagiarism checker

    where can i find a free plagiarism checker

    Where can i find a free plagiarism checker
    While other sites may charge to check plagiarism, it has always been part of our mission to offer services that are accessible to everyone, regardless of income. For users that demand greater speed and accuracy, we do offer a premium service that allows longer submissions as well. Nevertheless, 99.9% of our users are content with our free plagiarism test.

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    Where can i find a free plagiarism checker
    The Small SEO Tools Plagiarism Checker also has its version of WordPress plugin for checking plagiarism. With it, you don’t need to waste precious time copying and pasting the whole content of your post. Simply install the plugin, and whenever you are working on a new post or page content, click on the “Check Plagiarism” button and the plugin will automatically start checking the full content, sentence-by-sentence. You can also compare plagiarized content within the plugin by clicking on sentences. With this plugin, you don’t have to worry about your content being stolen or the search engines penalizing your site for content duplication.
    Right within the tool, you can view the external content that matches the red sentences in your document. Plus, the URL of the external webpage is added for a quick and easy examination of the content.

    Where can i find a free plagiarism checker
    You’ve done the research, drafted and revised your paper, and took care to credit all of your sources. The last step before you submit your paper is to proofread it in order to catch any missed errors or citations. A missing preposition, misused adverb, or misspelled interjection might escape you, but you’re unlikely to escape your teacher.
    The best part about it? Instant suggestions. No further reading, waiting for a human proofreader to respond to you, or racing across campus to get to the writing center before it closes.

    Search Engine Reports automatically delete all content uploaded to the site.
    Presenting or introducing someone else’s text as your own.

    Where can i find a free plagiarism checker
    Plagiarism scanner is an intelligent free and most accurate software.
    Copy and paste your text below in the text box

    References:

    http://smallseotools.com/plagiarism-checker/
    http://www.bibme.org/grammar-and-plagiarism/
    http://searchenginereports.net/plagiarism-checker
    http://plagiarismdetector.net/
    http://www.scribens.com/mobile.html

    how to quote someone in an essay

    how to quote someone in an essay

    However, if you are using footnotes, the period remains inside the quotation mark, while the footnote number goes outside:
    According to Schama, Louis XVI remained calm during his trial: “The Terror had no power to frighten an old man of seventy-two.” 1

    How to quote someone in an essay
    In academic papers and essays, you should avoid relying too heavily on quotes. When you want to refer to information or ideas from a source, it’s often best to paraphrase, which means putting the passage in your own words. This shows that you have fully understood the text and ensures your own voice is dominant.
    The ellipses indicate that some text has been removed, but the shortened quote still accurately represents the author’s point.

    How to quote someone in an essay
    In case that the original fragment includes a punctuation mark, you’ll also be required to add it in the quote, similarly to the following example:
    When you wish to quote a fragment that has multiple authors, you’ll be required to use commas as well as the conjunction “and” between their names. Here’s an example:

    How to quote someone in an essay
    The things they carried were largely determined by necessity. Among the necessities or near-necessities were P-38 can openers, pocket knives, heat tabs, wristwatches, dog tags, mosquito repellent, chewing gum, candy cigarettes, salt tablets, packets of Kool-Aid, lighters, matches, sewing kits, Military Payment Certificates, C rations, and two or three canteens of water.” (O’Brien 2)

    There are 22 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

    For all questions regarding style and documentation refer to your Longwood Style Manual or the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers .
    D. If you quote from one sentence, skip over some text, and then quote from a later one,

    References:

    http://www.scribbr.com/citing-sources/how-to-quote/
    http://eliteessaywriters.com/blog/how-to-quote-someone-in-an-essay/
    http://www.wikihow.com/Put-a-Quote-in-an-Essay
    http://www.longwood.edu/staff/lynchrl/English%20336/mlaquote.htm
    http://writemyessay4me.org/blog/analytical-essay

    when highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors

    when highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors

    When highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors

    @milaficent @raulpacheco i have sharpies, post it flags, and highlighters all keyed to one another and particular meanings.

    Some of my students ask why I use pink, yellow, green and blue highlighter. I use yellow for fundamental ideas. Green for second level.

    When highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors

    1. To pick out the important parts of a text on which to base your own notes.
    2. To identify the key parts of your own notes once they are written for your own reference.
    3. If you have a text that you will need to read and re-read over a course of several years and want to remind yourself of the key concepts efficiently.

    Why doesn’t highlighting work for these people? They don’t know how to use a highlighter effectively.

    When highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors
    Color-coding your notes can help you organize information more effectively and study more efficiently. Optimize your color-coding system and make it a highlight of your study strategy by using the five tips in this article.
    Think of color-coding like road signs: If there were too many road signs, you would be bombarded with too much information and you might even get lost.

    When highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors
    When using an eBook, teachers should ask students to:
    Teachers may wish to have students use various colors of highlighters to identify main ideas from details (e.g., use orange to represent main ideas and yellow to represent supporting details).

    When highlighing in books what are some ideas for topics and colors
    Simply put, annotation refers to adding your own thoughts or insights into a book or text.
    One of the lowest-pressure ways to annotate your book is by using tabs. While this is the least permanent method, you will have to remember to carry around your pack of tabs wherever you carry your book. There are a few ways to approach annotation via tabs:

    References:

    http://medium.goodnotes.com/three-pitfalls-to-avoid-when-studying-with-a-highlighter-2aa345e1e6eb
    http://study.com/blog/5-tips-for-color-coding-your-notes.html
    http://www.adlit.org/strategies/23332/
    http://bookriot.com/2017/02/23/5-ways-to-annotate-your-books/
    http://writing2.richmond.edu/writing/wweb/rsrchppr.html

    what are the med school personal essay prompts

    what are the med school personal essay prompts

    “I decided to become a doctor so that I could be of direct, longitudinal service to my community through innovative, and solutions-oriented work that helps people live well. At the core of my service vision is health equity, or the elimination of avoidable, unfair differences in health status experienced by different groups. My dedication to health equity is clearly reflected in my academic and work life, but it is rooted in the lived experiences of my family.
    The essay has to serve as your voice on paper to the admissions committee. The essay should articulate your own point of view about what you will bring to medicine, the traits you have carefully cultivated over years of education, those you were born with and your own core sense of empathy. The essay is an interpersonal analysis of who you are, aside from your accolades. Because the essay is an exploration of you as a person, it should be structured around a narrative. I am going to share with you a piece of my own personal statement from my residency applications to give you a sense of what I mean, as an example:

    What are the med school personal essay prompts
    Always check for grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. This goes for the rest of your application (like your activities list), too. A common oversight is referencing the wrong school in your statement! Give yourself (and your proofreaders) the time this task truly requires.
    Be sure to vary your sentence structure. You don’t want your essay to be boring! Pay attention to how your paragraphs connect to each other.

    The time I have spent in various medical settings has confirmed my love for the field. Regardless of the environment, I am drawn to patients and their stories, like that scared young boy at AMC. I am aware that medicine is a constantly changing landscape; however, one thing that has remained steadfast over the years is putting the patient first, and I plan on doing this as a physician. All of my experiences have taught me a great deal about patient interaction and global health, however, I am left wanting more. I crave more knowledge to help patients and become more useful in the healthcare sector. I am certain medical school is the path that will help me reach my goal. One day, I hope to use my experiences to become an amazing doctor like the doctors that treated my sister, so I can help other children like her.
    In this post, we’ll first go over each medical school personal statement example and then we’ll break down the process so you can do the same for yourself.

    Is it the translation of your scientific knowledge into patient education about how to live a healthy lifestyle? Is it the pursuit of new therapies and cures through research? Is it the rigor of a career that demands lifelong learning?
    You’ll need to give some serious thought to why you want to go into medicine, and more specifically, why you want an MD or a DO. Far too often, students write generic, impassioned passages about “wanting to help people.” While that is a completely valid reason to go to medical school, it doesn’t really explain why you want to become a doctor to the exclusion of other health careers, like nursing or physical therapy. It doesn’t really even explain why you want to go into medicine. Firefighters, teachers, plumbers, and landscapers help people too!

    What are the med school personal essay prompts
    Experience Descriptions Prompt
    Bilingual or multilingual:

    References:

    http://www.princetonreview.com/med-school-advice/medical-school-personal-statement
    http://bemoacademicconsulting.com/blog/personal-statement-medical-school-example
    http://www.kaptest.com/study/mcat/medical-school-personal-statement-faqs/
    http://www.savvypremed.com/savvy-pre-med/2019/10/21/personal-statement-and-essay-prompts-2020-amcas-aacomas-and-tmdsas
    http://www.princetonreview.com/college-advice/application-essay-topics

    what did the buddha think of the caste system

    what did the buddha think of the caste system

    What did the buddha think of the caste system

    1. The Brahmins or priests, who claimed to be the highest caste and the purest of peoples
    2. The warriors
    3. The merchants and traders
    4. The untouchables, who were considered the lowest class. They became workers and servants who did all the menial jobs, and were treated as slaves.

    The Buddha condemned the caste system, which he considered unjust. He pointed out that there existed wicked and cruel people as well as virtuous and kind people in every caste. Any person who had committed a crime would be punished accordingly by his karma no matter what caste he belonged to. He said a person may be considered to have come from a high or low caste according to his good and bad deeds. Therefore, according to the Buddha it is the good and bad actions of a person and not his birth that should determine his caste.

    What did the buddha think of the caste system
    However, what is special in Hinduism is that the caste system is found in the religious scriptures and is part of the religion. A religion-enforced caste system is not found in Buddhism. Buddhism also does not comment on the political ideology of lay societies e.g. democracy, capitalism, monarchy, socialism, communism etc.
    So, why is this still practised in some Buddhist countries?

    There are several theories about the origin of the caste system in India. Religious theories explain that castes were made from the mouth, arms, thighs and feet of Brahman, or from his bodily organs. The origin of the Untouchables is not explained in scripture (hotathrandom.com). Biological theories explain that castes, and the rules and restrictions governing caste, depend upon the purity or ratios of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas qualities present in all beings and objects (hotathrandom.com). Social historical theory explains that caste began with the arrival in India of fair-skinned Aryans, who displaced and disrespected the local people, seized authority and divided themselves into three caste categories. Dark-skinned, conquered locals were seen as demons and, along with off-spring of Aryans and locals, became the untouchables, the most dangerously polluted ones (hotathrandom.com).
    buddhanet.net. “Dharma Data: The Caste System.” 2011. Buddhist Studies Glossary of Buddhist Terms. Web. 18 November 2011 .

    That being the case, do you know who you are? the Buddha asks.

    That being the case, master, we don’t know who we are.

    The Buddha grounds this initial discussion in physical reality, as it is difficult to argue that people who give birth the same way are fundamentally different. Besides, how delightful is it that a creature who emerges from the nether end of its mother can entertain fantasies about its own transcendent superiority! We see from this exchange that the Buddha has a wry sense of humor as well as a comedian’s gift for drawing out the absurd.

    Offers a critical analysis of most major theories, devoting much space to Dumont and Hocart, before dealing with the crucial problem of caste and kingship. The final chapter offers his own view of caste and brings out all the complexities involved in defining what this means as a living social institution.
    A careful philological study of the development of mixed-caste groups in the centuries following the early development of Buddhism. Focuses on Hindu sources and presents an increasingly complex social situation that certainly existed in embryonic form in the Buddha’s time but that becomes more formally recognized in the Dharmasūtras and later śāstras.

    References:

    http://buddhism.stackexchange.com/questions/28291/what-is-the-opinion-of-buddhism-on-the-caste-system-and-untouchability-of-hindui
    http://grademiners.com/free-papers/history/caste-system-in-india-hinduism-and-buddhism
    http://tricycle.org/trikedaily/buddha-talks-brahmin-supremacist/
    http://www.oxfordbibliographies.com/view/document/obo-9780195393521/obo-9780195393521-0191.xml
    http://www.scribens.com/mobile.html

    custom writings com

    custom writings com

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    definition of caste system in hinduism

    definition of caste system in hinduism

    Definition of caste system in hinduism
    Both are prosperous and politically dominant communities, but they support their demand for caste quotas by saying large numbers in their communities are poor and suffering.
    In 1989, quotas were extended to include a grouping called the OBCs (Other Backward Classes) which fall between the traditional upper castes and the lowest.

    Definition of caste system in hinduism
    The lowest of the four ancient social classes, or Varnas-, the Shudras were considered so low as to be prohibited from the study of the “Vedas,” the earliest texts of sacred Indian literature. Shudras are now con-sidered to be a “scheduled caste” by the Indian Government, meaning that they are historically disadvantaged. The government’s 2011 census showed that over 200m Indians belong to a scheduled caste.
    The system appears to have had ancient roots. Sanskrit texts from the second millennium BC refer to a practice of dividing individuals into social groups called “varnas”—the term’s precise meaning is unclear, but is seems not only to suggest classification, but also colour. The Varnas, which are associated with early Hinduism, are the first recorded manifestation of India’s caste system. Four principal classes emerged, in descending order of prestige: the Brahmins, the Kshatriyas, the Vaishyas and the Shudras. Myth holds that these groups were created from the mouth, arms, thighs and feet of an ancient character called Purusha.

    From the traditional Hindu point of view, this social system is the necessary complement of the principles of dharma, karma, and samsara. Corresponding to hells and heavenly regions in the hereafter, the castes are the mundane social frame within which karma is manifested and worked out.
    The origin of the caste system is not known with certainty. Hindus maintain that the proliferation of the castes (jatis, literally “births”) was the result of intermarriage (which is prohibited in Hindu works on dharma), which led to the subdivision of the four classes, or varnas. Modern theorists, however, assume that castes arose from differences in family ritual practices, racial distinctions, and occupational differentiation and specialization. Scholars also doubt whether the simple varna system was ever more than a theoretical socioreligious ideal and have emphasized that the highly complex division of Hindu society into nearly 3,000 castes and subcastes was probably in place even in ancient times.

    Definition of caste system in hinduism
    There has been tremendous resistance among non-Dalits to this protective discrimination for the Scheduled Castes, who constitute some 16 percent of the total population, and efforts have been made to provide similar advantages to the so-called Backward Classes, who constitute an estimated 52 percent of the population. In August 1990, Prime Minister Vishwanath Pratap (V.P.) Singh announced his intention to enforce the recommendations of the Backward Classes Commission (Mandal Commission), issued in December 1980 and largely ignored for a decade. The report, which urged special advantages for obtaining civil service positions and admission to higher education for the Backward Classes, resulted in riots and self-immolations and contributed to the fall of the prime minister. The upper castes have been particularly adamant against these policies because unemployment is a major problem in India, and many feel that they are being unjustly excluded from posts for which they are better qualified than lower-caste applicants.*
    The principals of the caste system were outlined in the Laws of Manu. The Laws of Manu were written around 250 B.C. These texts established Hindu law based on a large number of wise sayings a and prohibitions in everyday life. The Hymn of the Primeval Man tells how the four main castes were created before the heavens:

    Definition of caste system in hinduism
    Share this article
    Basically, the caste system is based on historic religious origins and is influenced by social and economic developments from colonial times. The word “caste” originates from the Portuguese casta meaning “race, lineage, breed”. Inequality determined by social class or birth still exists in India.

    References:

    http://www.prospectmagazine.co.uk/magazine/how-does-indias-caste-system-work
    http://www.britannica.com/topic/Hinduism/Castes
    http://factsanddetails.com/india/Religion_Caste_Folk_Beliefs_Death/sub7_2b/entry-4158.html
    http://www.euronews.com/2016/02/23/delhi-water-protests-expose-india-s-ever-present-caste-system
    http://justbuyessay.com/blog/argumentative-essay-topics